Tips for Teaching this Mountain Trail Horse Skill
by Mark Bolender
Whether out on a trail or in a show, watching an accomplished Mountain Trail horse moving through a difficult log obstacle makes it look easy. The horse navigates the logs while going forward boldly and confidently, and always advancing safely. We begin training for log obstacles from the ground.
Start with a few simple logs and ask your horse to inspect them. It will probably drop its head to consider this new obstacle. Since each horse is different you must be flexible, so let your horse get comfortable before asking it to step over. This may take a while because most horses would rather avoid the obstacle than step over it. Your horse will soon understand that you expect it to concentrate on the obstacle and step over it rather than go around it. You should reward the slightest try when it moves forward.
Usually a horse concentrates on an obstacle by pawing, chewing on it, snorting, etc. Whatever its preference, allow it to investigate, without pressure, while it’s thinking. Also, do not let your horse linger or lounge by the logs because it should not desensitize to them. Desensitization is useful in certain circumstances, but not with logs because it does not teach the animal to think its way through this obstacle. When a horse has to “think it through” to navigate a log obstacle, it fosters boldness and confidence much faster.
While you ask your horse to inspect the logs do not move your feet. It may be hard to resist this urge but by doing so you use a very powerful leadership tool. This is because a horse’s instinct tells it that the more you move, the more it should not trust you. Being immovable and not intimidated is how the alpha mare behaves when she makes a request. When you (or the alpha mare) shows foot movement, it telegraphs to the horse that you’re not worthy of leadership in the herd.
Each horse requires a different level of pressure, so when you allow your horse to inspect the logs, be patient. Give your horse all the time it needs to think as it takes its first step over the logs. Be prepared for the horse to drop a shoulder into you (which is when the horse moves into your personal space) so it can exit the logs. Put enough pressure on the horse so it moves away from you and out of your space. Each creature has such a personal space and with horses and people, I call it a “Bolender Bubble.” When you and your horse’s “Bolender Bubble” intersect, it can cause your horse to panic. So if you find that your horse is getting too close to you, put the horse back on track to think its way through the logs. Remember, if you put too much pressure on your horse it will jump instead of walk and that can be dangerous.
I prefer to teach a horse on a few logs first and gradually build up to approximately eight logs. At that point it should be able to walk over any size log in a straight line and without jumping. It’s also helpful to put a cone at each end of the obstacle in order to keep you and your horse focused on what is straight. Soon your horse will walk up to a log obstacle, drop its head, and move through with style and grace. When this happens it’s time to mount up and ride.
The same training steps used in ground work apply when riding. Take your time and start with just a simple set of logs. A key to riding is to trust your horse on a loose rein. If you tighten up and pull on its face, you’re building a trap (at least in the horse’s mind), and that causes it to bolt or jump the logs. It’s critical that you trust your horse to make the navigation decisions. In time, your horse will walk through on a loose rein, showing that its confidence and trust is in you.
Happy trails and Bolender Blessings!
Published in April 2012 Issue
Mark Bolender’s name has become synonymous with the new and exciting international equine discipline Mountain Trail. Mark earned national titles in this sport in 2008, 2009 and 2010 and has been supporting Mountain Trail for the past nine years by teaching clinics, judging shows, and building courses worldwide.
Prior to his involvement in Mountain Trail, Mark developed a solid foundation of experience by breeding Quarter Horses and showing in open, Quarter Horse, and Reining competitions. He writes for a number of magazines and is the author of the popular book, Bolender’s Guide to Mastering Mountain and Extreme Trail Riding. He has produced four DVD’s about training for Mountain Trail and one DVD entitled The Road to Bridle-less. He has been featured twice in the American Quarter Horse magazine America’s Horse for mastering the Trail Challenge. Mark operates a judging school which certifies judges in the USA, Canada and Europe for Mountain Trail and Trail Challenge. He and his wife, Lee, are the founders of the International Mountain Trail Challenge Association (IMTCA) which was formed to promote the sport of Mountain Trail. Mark and Lee own and operate Bolender Horse Park in Washington State, which houses the finest Mountain Trail course in the world. Mark and Lee travel the world to give Mountain Trail clinics in almost every corner of the globe.
Mountain Trail made its television debut on RFDTV in November of 2016, further promoting the sport to audiences everywhere.
Using Bolender Horse Park as the model, Mark and Lee have designed and built Mountain Trail courses for private and public use in the USA, Canada, Australia and Europe – with many more in development. These courses are premier sites used by beginners and highly advanced riders alike; they are designed for clinics, shows, and training.
Mark and Lee actively promote the Bolender training philosophy, which centers on using the natural instincts of the horse in the training process. Mark says that activating key instincts in the horse combined with good horsemanship results in real equine magic. They continue to set goals to build more and more courses, promote the IMTCA, and write books and articles for eager enthusiasts. The next goal is to bring Mountain Trail to the Olympics.