Horse Training

Applying the “Think it Through” Principle to Water Crossing

Applying the “Think it Through” Principle to Water Crossing
Mark Bolender

Become an Effective Leader by Working with Your Horse’s Natural Instinct

by Mark Bolender


The principle of “thinking it through” applies to both horse and rider and is a powerful tool if used properly. It is a change from just lunging the horse next to a scary obstacle (which in this case is water) until it is desensitized enough to give it a try. With this method, I need to allow the horse time to think it through before it is desensitized. Let me explain the “magic” of this, how it works and a practical application.


Photo Courtesy Barbra Windom

Recently in New Mexico I had an elegant well trained and ridden Lusitano in a clinic that had never put a hoof into water (no matter how hard trainers had tried). Since we were planning on riding down the Rio Grande on the third day of the clinic this presented a problem. Even though the owner was a great horsewoman with a number of titles, when she would ask the horse to enter any water the response was No. The harder she tried the stronger it refused, to the point of becoming dangerous. I was asked to help and, twenty minutes later, the horse was walking through water and crossing a small stream without any issues. He even walked down the Rio Grande. This is how the task was accomplished.

First, I established the Bolender Bubble because the horse’s instinct will challenge you in a very powerful way. The brilliance of instinct will move you away from the water in such a subtle manner you will not be aware of it if this boundary is not clearly established. This is not right or wrong, but it is a big safety issue. Don’t take it personally, but your sweet horse will try to run you over unless it sees you are clearly worthy of leadership. Instinct and intelligence are separate; there are many things a horse does without understanding why. That part of instinct is an intelligence beyond what we possess. This is what frustrates and intimidates us—and we don’t even know it!

After my leadership was established I asked the horse to acknowledge the water. The horse’s first response was to come into my space. I responded by giving it a good spank on the shoulder. The horse then tried to leave and again came into my bubble. This was met with another spank. I made it clear that my expectation was for him to learn how to navigate water and I blocked all avoidance responses. When the horse understood avoidance of the water was not an option, it began to paw and even got down on its knees. At this point I was patient and let time stand still. I took all pressure off the horse and just let it think. When too much pressure is put on, before the horse has a chance to think, the horse will often leave mentally and/or physically.

At this point timing is critical. The horse will need to be encouraged, but not nagged. Nagging is not only very degrading to the horse, it is counter-productive. It is not leadership. Why should the horse listen to one who never stops talking? If the horse is very naughty give it a spanking to let it know that you expect its best try. However, do not get emotional and become aggressive. Be patient and allow the horse time to think it through; show respect for the mind God has given them. This method will seem slow at first, but in a matter of minutes the horse will lock onto the water and attempt to perform the requested task. It is actually a much faster method in the long run.

With the Lusitano, time to think it through allowed it to face and overcome the fear of water. My goal was for the horse to become bold and confident in itself. I also knew that when this horse saw me as a leader, its instinct had no choice other than to get up off of its knees and put one foot at a time into that water. It was a fascinating process to watch and so rewarding to see how proud the horse was of its accomplishment. Remember, a teacher inspires while a dictator only intimidates and demands.


Happy trails and Bolender Blessings


Published in October 2014 Issue

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Horse Training
Mark Bolender

Mark Bolender’s name has become synonymous with the new and exciting international equine discipline Mountain Trail. Mark earned national titles in this sport in 2008, 2009 and 2010 and has been supporting Mountain Trail for the past nine years by teaching clinics, judging shows, and building courses worldwide.
Prior to his involvement in Mountain Trail, Mark developed a solid foundation of experience by breeding Quarter Horses and showing in open, Quarter Horse, and Reining competitions. He writes for a number of magazines and is the author of the popular book, Bolender’s Guide to Mastering Mountain and Extreme Trail Riding. He has produced four DVD’s about training for Mountain Trail and one DVD entitled The Road to Bridle-less. He has been featured twice in the American Quarter Horse magazine America’s Horse for mastering the Trail Challenge. Mark operates a judging school which certifies judges in the USA, Canada and Europe for Mountain Trail and Trail Challenge. He and his wife, Lee, are the founders of the International Mountain Trail Challenge Association (IMTCA) which was formed to promote the sport of Mountain Trail. Mark and Lee own and operate Bolender Horse Park in Washington State, which houses the finest Mountain Trail course in the world. Mark and Lee travel the world to give Mountain Trail clinics in almost every corner of the globe.
Mountain Trail made its television debut on RFDTV in November of 2016, further promoting the sport to audiences everywhere.
Using Bolender Horse Park as the model, Mark and Lee have designed and built Mountain Trail courses for private and public use in the USA, Canada, Australia and Europe – with many more in development. These courses are premier sites used by beginners and highly advanced riders alike; they are designed for clinics, shows, and training.
Mark and Lee actively promote the Bolender training philosophy, which centers on using the natural instincts of the horse in the training process. Mark says that activating key instincts in the horse combined with good horsemanship results in real equine magic. They continue to set goals to build more and more courses, promote the IMTCA, and write books and articles for eager enthusiasts. The next goal is to bring Mountain Trail to the Olympics.

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